Industrial automation technology refers to control of industrial machines and its various processes thus reducing the need for human intervention. Industrial automation technology uses various control systems such as programmable logic control, industrial control and digital control systems. These applications are usually used in concert with computer systems such as computer technologies that control automated machines.
Automation is an increase in mechanization because it significantly reduces mental and sensory human requirements, while mechanization helps human operators with muscle requirements for work.
Industrial automation plays a large part of the global economy and engineers work hard to combine mathematical tools with automated devices to produce better and more complex systems for expanding applications and the range of human activities.
Automation of machines and other technologies has a significant impact on a wide range of industries, for example; The telephony operators were primarily replaced by switching tables and automated answering machines, as well as automated cash machines, now make money transactions much easier and help reduce the visits of the bank.
Industrial automation is used in a wide range of industries for many types of applications and some of them may include:
o Mechanical Engineering
o Industrial controls
o Electronic Engineering
o Integrated circuit design
o Movement control and fluid control
o Data acquisition software
There are many advantages and disadvantages in the field of industrialization and some of these benefits are as follows:
o Improvement of the economy
o Can be used to perform dangerous tasks
o Can replace tedious human tasks
Some of the main disadvantages are:
o Automation has its limits and is currently unable to replace all human tasks
o Development costs can be unpredictable
o Initial installation costs are generally high
Some critics believe that automation will lead to higher unemployment, but others say that the opposite is true and that automation has led to a higher job.